Economic Effects Of The Industrial Revolution
The details of the industrial revolution have been known to everyone but few have actually taken out their time to write about the effects it had on people. we all know that industrial production increased drastically which brought wealth and power to many of the countries including Great Britain and the United States of America but the effect that it cost on the people cannot be ignored either. We have got to know what impact it had on the industrial worker. How was it like leaving behind the life of the countryside and started living in a new industrial city? Was really worth it? There were so many economic effects of the industrial revolution.
Did the factories really change people’s lives including women and children? Did it create a negative or positive effect on the health of the people? the effects can be seen in so many ways it can be seen economically it can be seen socially but the economics and social have a really close relationship with each other.
Some of the other questions that arise are done the Industrial Revolution really helped in changing people's lives for the better. There are many primary sources for the gathering of information for what was life about during this period.
Impact Of Industrialization On Economic Development
The impact of industrialization on economic development cannot be ignored. When the Industrial Revolution first came in 18 century there were no policies and laws that were introduced by the federal or local governments for the regulation of these new industries. There were no laws for terminating child labor. There was no policy that would indicate that having a 4-year-old child to do the work is not humane. There were no rules, no laws that would tell factories that how would they deal with the waste. It was pure capitalism and capitalism is all about individualism and indicates that the government has no part in controlling the factories. Life was only good for the people who were wealthy and these people were controlling the country's economy it created a lot of impact in the economical ways which included child labor, the life of working-class families, the role of women. some of them are given as under.
First-Class let Us Consider What Industrialization Is?
Industrialization is basically described as the period of transformation which transform the agricultural economy to the urban mass-producing economy and became one of the primary elements for the increase in Gross Domestic Product. Now it is one thing to notice that less than 20% of the world population are the industrialization Nation but they are responsible for the 70% of the world output.
The industrialization first started taking place in Great Britain between 1760 and 1860 there were many effects and causes for this industrial revolution and historians really don't agree about settling down on one or two causes. Industrialization very highly accounted for the economic growth in world history. industrial revolution after hitting Great Britain and some European countries it finally reached the United States in 19 century. Industrialization really created two greatest impacts the first was the predominant labor activity and the increase of the productive level of economic output this really lead to the new industries’ development.
Economic Effects Of Industrialization
Economic and historical research has let us know that industrialization is highly related to the rising education, longer life span, the increase in individual and national income, and really helped in improving the overall quality of life when Great Britain was under the industrialization effect. The total initial income was increased by more than six hundred percent and the workers that were present in the United States and Great Britain were earning more than 11 times then the workers were present in the non-industrialization Nations. Economic Effects of Industrialization are spread over many sections of the economy.
One of the greatest effects industrializations on the economy was urbanization and the rise of cities when the Industrial Revolution didn't happen people used to live in rural areas and the number of people living in Ain the rural areas where 80% but when the industrialization came. People started to move to the countryside. small towns turn into large cities and when 1850 came it was the very first time in the history of the world more people lived in cities than they were living in rural areas and when the industrialization occurred in Europe and northern America The Rise of the largest cities also became vital. And when 1920 came so many Americans live in cities and if I talk about Great Britain this growth continued throughout the 19th century and the population of the London city group from 2 million to 5 Million.
If I talk about Manchester City it also grew rapidly. because of its cool climate, it became ideal for the production of the textile and since it had its locations near to the Atlantic port of Liverpool and the coalfields of Lancashire the Manchester immediately became the textile capital of the world which really help in drawing a large number of migrants to the city. despite all the positive effects, the Rise of the city is made it also has some negative effects the cities become became crowded dirty, and polluted and the people who visited Manchester at that time talked about the hazards urbanization brought upon on the city of Manchester.
Industrialization also made a real impact on the living conditions of the people, it impacted people's lives outside of factories as well it did inside of the factories. The working and living conditions of the people were totally transform once they migrated from the country to the city.
Let’s take an example of an ordinary weaver before the Industrial Revolution happened. The quality of life decreased dramatically for them. Before the industrial revolution happened they used to live as a middle class they had their own Gardens and used to work from the comfort of their homes or small shops. They also used to raise farm animals and be their own Bosses. An observer wrote that the Gardens were neat and clean. The man of the house had a watch in their pocket and women used to wear fancy suits. The church had a great crowd on every Sunday and every house was well furnished but when the industrial revolution came the living conditions became worse and those people were unable to justify their income with everyday needs, the quality of life to the great downturn. during the first 60 years of the Industrial Revolution people used to spend all the of their day at work and they had no room for some energy, space, or Light for playing games or indulge in sports the pace of the new industrial revolution left people with nothing to enjoy their traditional festivals and government put a ban on the traditional festivals in the City.
If I talk about the first generation of industrial workers the life in the factory was really miserable and challenging people still missed and remember the flexible place of the country life and the factory employees were demanded to completely change their course and discipline of their village life the industrial workers were not allowed to chat with their coworkers and have a good time like they did while working in the countryside. They were not allowed to go back to the village when it was time for the harvest for helping out their families and the result for doing so was the unemployment and firing from the job. Manufacturers had only one thing in their mind which was to gain more productivity and really didn't care about the environment that those workers lived in. they only made sure the workers were focused and efficient. Workers tried to improve by doing business for themselves or work as a supervisor but for the majority, it really didn't have much effect.
Industrialization also leads to the unemployment of many skilled workers such as hand Weavers because their skills and talent became useless as most textile machines were introduced as I have mentioned before. This led to starvation and they were middle class before but after the industrial revolution, they had to leave from penny t a penny y for the first generation of industrial workers the working conditions were really worse. People were forced to work for 10 to 14 hours a day and six days a week there were no vacations and paid holidays for those people. the working condition had a lot of safety hazards some of the conditions even had people working in the temperatures as high as 130 degrees. Due to the factors that these conditions were quite harmful, the accident used to happen on regular basis people used to report that the accidents were continuously occurring. There was a use of the dangerous machinery that injured people on an everyday level and those accidents occurred they were not paid any wages and they were not given any medical attendance and no compensation and the people who got injured lost their job and receive no compensation for the needed Health Care.