Incremental encoder - to convert motions into pulses
An incremental encoder is an electromechanical device connected to the end of an electromotor. It converts rotary or linear motion into pulses, digital or even analog bits (for use in various control systems and AVRs). Thus, for each full 360-degree rotation of the encoder shaft, a digital package is produced, and then this package is decoded by another device.
Incremental encoders report position changes almost immediately, allowing them to control high-speed mechanisms' motion in real-time. For this reason, incremental encoders are commonly used in applications that require precise measurement and control of position and speed.
Unlike the absolute encoder, the incremental encoder does not show the final position; Rather, it only reports position changes, and for each reported position change, it reports the direction of movement. One of the main and most widely used applications of incremental encoders is controlling the movement and determining the position of elevators.
This gadget is suitable for counting simple pulses or monitoring frequencies such as speed, direction, and position. It has an affordable and straightforward mechanism compared to absolute encoders and can have a magnetic and optical measurement.
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