Introduction To Industrial Revolution
As we all know Industrial Revolution happened during the 18th and 19th century. It was a period when ruler societies which were present in Europe and North America started to become more urban during this era there was quite focus on the increase in productivity. Advances in the manufacturing processes led to innovations in the new technologies that increased the overall efficiency and people started to shift from handmade products to machine made products. This idea gave birth to the setup of factories in the City and towns.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Industrial Revolution
The starting point of the industrial revolution was in the Great Britain in 1700 which was a primary factor for giving birth of the mass production of different items. Factories based on textile iron was set up during this period which also lead to the development of better systems in banking communication and transportation sectors. Industrial Revolution is it still considered as one of the significant events that ever happened in the history of humans ever since the earth saw humans. It created quite an impact on different countries and nations which were present around the world as we all know it had it beginning in the 18th century but still had its impact for the centuries to follow. With every event we know that there are very good and bad aspect of things. Industrial revolution also had some positive and negative impacts on the society. Some of the Advantages and Disadvantages of Industrial Revolution will be discussed in a detailed way in the upcoming parts of the article.
Advantages Of Industrial Revolution In Points
Industrial Revolution made some great positive impact and it has more benefits than it had the negative ones. Some of the advantages of industrial revolution in points are given as under.
The Production Of More Products
One of the greatest advantage of the industrial revolution that there were the production of more products and the product started to be manufactured by the machine. There were more efficiently made. This really helped economy to grow another. Another advantage was that the products became less expensive as there was less labor work involved and there was a rise of a custom made products. The innovation made in the manufacturing and the products were invented that help the people make their life much easier and it gave people less time the transportation of products from one place to another. Invention of steam engine extra thanks for this phenomenon.
Access To International Market Became Available
Due to the industrial revolution the businesses became able to enhance their supplies from local towns and local cities to the international market. it was one of the idea that was developed by the industrial revolution. due to the use of high end machines the production increased but sometimes the local demand was not necessary and wasn't sufficient for the maximization of the production. It gave the idea of the multinational firm and the businesses were able to expand their sales the international market not only the businesses started to fulfill the local demand they also started to fulfill the international demands as well. People started to see the balancing of a trade and produces getting the more of it this increase in the wealth of Business and Added Tax revenues.
Invention And Production Of Quite Useful Products
Industrial Revolution gave birth to the invention and production of quite useful products due to .the industrial revolution there was a sudden rise in the invention and development of vehicles and tool types which had the ability to carry more items and people for their transportation from one place to another there was also the rise of the creation of roads which held the power to accommodate more traffic. One of the greatest invention of that time was the development of a telegraph with helped in improving the overall communication process and laid the basis for the invention of telephone and the fiber optics which are considered as a huge part for a delay everyday life. Other greatest inventions of that time for the spinning Jenny which was made in a way that it could spin cotton or wool and eased for the creation of more things in the same or even lesser time. electricity was also invented which led to the invention of some really useful tools like the refrigeration and other advanced home appliances with increase the overall living standard.
Purchasing Power Of The Local People Quite Increased
One of the greatest advantages of the industrial revolution is that the purchasing power of the local people quite increased. It also led to an idea of the creation of product in their basement. Families were producing enough to meet their needs and if you didn't have the stuff to make your everyday item then it wasn't necessary you will have to spend a fortune for getting the thing you wanted. Industrial Revolution introduced processes that let the companies to produce faster than ever before, this increased in the mass production and the overall productivity that in a given number of hours more product was able to be made and it wasn't needed to make products by hand and as the supplies went up it resulted in the prices going down which increased the overall purchasing power of the local people and the goods were not expensive as they were used to be.
Disadvantages Of Industrial Revolution In Points
As there were positive aspects for the industrial revolution. There were also some negative aspects which included worst working conditions, poor living conditions low wages, child labor land pollution. One of the most negative impact of the industrial revolution was the introduction of capitalism as an economic system. Capitalism totally revolves around the individualism in which government has almost no to very little power for making the economic decisions of the country. This phenomenon seriously gave birth to a climate where the factory and mine owners held the power destroy rights and make working class people to work for to their benefits. In the aftermath the working conditions of the people really got worse and the child labor became one of the main features of the industrial revolution. It got so bad that even a child as young as 3 years old was working in an unsafe and dangerous environmental condition without having any kind of protection from the government. Some disadvantages of industrial revolution in points are given as under.
The Safety Of Working People Was Threatened
One of the worst disadvantage of industrial revolution was the working conditions of workplaces. Industrial revolution led to the placement of factories in cities and industrial communities. The only target of the business owners was to increase their production and gain more profit and really didn't really looked upon the wages and the workers safety. Although the families were able to earn more but it came with various policies like working for 16 hours and 6 days per week they were also in inequality present among the men and women's earning and women and children were only able to earn as half as much of the man while working the same as me. Workplaces environment was bad and had the smoke that led to the breathing issues and injuries and fatal accident although this ultimately led to the development of labor unions among the factories but there was a lot of sacrifices made from the families never present in those era.
Unequal Share Of Wealth
Before the industrial revolution occurred the wealth was only restricted to the people who were very which from birth, or had their belongings in the royalty or invented something that was quite useful to the society like a telescope. After the revolution happened the people who were setting up factories and leading businesses started making more money but most of it was by jeopardizing the rights of the poor and working class and it led to inequality and unjustifiable distributions of the money between the rich and poor. The wealthier between wealthier and the poor became poorer a. If I talk about Jeff Bezos who is the wealthiest man on the planet before his divorce proceeded he had 157 billion/ his wealth along the wealth of Mark Zuckerberg Bill Gates and Elon Musk are the living examples of the inequality conversions. if you take a look at industrialists like Andrew Carnegie and John Rockefeller they both had 310 billion and 340 Billion respectively . Rockefeller all by itself control 1.5 % of the overall American economy.
The Excess Of Pollution
Pollution is one of the biggest negative factor of the industrial revolution during the industrial revolution, there are huge amounts of streets and waterways which were quite heavily polluted with the garbage and human waste. Not only this the air was also heavily polluted. Throughout the 18th and 19th century when Industrial Revolution was happening, all the people that set factories and mines all across Great Britain and they really didn't care about the environmental aspects. Those factories were great producers of air pollution which happened due to the burning of coal which was one of the most famous fuel that was used during the industrial revolution and it’s really known for empowering the steam engine. Coal is considered and it is also a fact that is one of the heavy air polluters as it sends particles into the air. this led to the very worst air quality and created I smoke all over the cities in which industries were present.