The first anemometer was composed of a flat plate perpendicular to the wind's direction. The wind spins the flat plate, and the plate's deflection angle momentarily reveals wind speed.
In this article, we prepare a series of questions about the history of anemometers and answer them completely. These questions are:
- Who First Invented The Anemometer?
- When Was The Anemometer Invented?
- Where Do Anemometers Originate?
- What Was The First Anemometer?
- Who Improved The Anemometer?
- Why Did Leon Battista Alberti Make The Anemometer?
An anemometer is an instrument for measuring wind speed and direction. It is a standard weather station device. The term anemometer is taken from the Greek word, anemos for wind, used to define any wind-speed device utilized in meteorology.
Anemoscope was the name of an ancient device for measuring or predicting wind.
Leon Battista Alberti created the first pressure plate anemometer for measuring real-time wind speed around 1450. It was composed of a flat plate perpendicular to the wind's direction.
The wind spins the flat plate, and the plate's deflection angle momentarily reveals wind speed. Alberti designed the anemometer due to his work.
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Many others developed their versions of the anemometer. Later, Englishman Robert Hooke reinvented the same type of anemometer.
He is often mistakenly known as the first inventor of the anemometer. Other references credit Mayans and Wolfius as reinventing the anemometer.
In 1846, Irish researcher John Thomas Romney Robinson invented the four-cup velocity anemometer called the hemispherical cup anemometer in 1846 at Armagh Observatory.
He used four hemispherical cups and mechanical wheels to transform the initial design. Later, in 1926, John Patterson changed it to a three-cup anemometer, which Brevoort and Joiner developed in 1935.
In 1991, Derek Weston added the ability to measure direction and speed.
The modern development in anemometer engineering includes the sonic anemometer. In 1994, geologist Dr. Andrews Pflitsch invented the sonic anemometer.
Other advanced anemometers are such as the hot-wire. It uses a heated fine wire cooled by the wind, and that cooling effect represents wind speed.
Recently, anemometers have used a range of new technologies to detect wind speed and its pressure, such as sound waves, laser and Doppler technology, and electrical currents.
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