The whole of the economy we have right now is built upon automation, so it is of no surprise that the future will be also based on automation. Every single day we see more and more job-destroying the potential of Robotics as the artificial intelligence utilization is on the rise. But before going into the depths of what automation has changed into, let's consider what automation actually is.

What Automation Actually Is?

Automation is a workflow that can operate itself without the Supervision of a human. There is no fighting over the fact that humans will continue to play a vital role to take automation to the sky-high level of success. There will be a strong role of automation replacing manual systems Like a customer and IT support, onboarding, and product packing is one of the few to be named.

There will be a high demand for Engineers and IT experts as they will be figuring out automation targets and determining the variables present in the workflow. They will also be gathering inputs and outputs. they will also have a task for the simplifications and troubleshooting of the automated works as they are being deployed.

Along with that, there could be a vast application of automation. The application of automation can range from very simple tasks to complex ones. There will be the use of interconnected algorithms which will depend upon the uses of the environment. In the years about to come all of the information technology teams and the leaders that are associated with the business well put their efforts for the automation of all parts of their business.

Purpose Of Automation

The purpose of automation is wider than you could think. Take a look around in the operations of your business and the task associated with them. Suppose it could be marketing, finance, sales, or any of the other tasks that are being performed on a daily basis by the people. Then, ask yourself if they have the ability to be automated. If I am not wrong, this kind of repetitive task holds the consumption of a large amount of time from junior team members. Those businesses that have a strong Look upon their success metrics look forward to the opportunities for automation. With automation, you need to first drive your focus on the automation of internal processes instead of Jumping right into complex customer-oriented projects that hold a greater amount of risk.

Businesses who are not planning to automate their processes which could be both business-oriented and manufacturing-oriented are going to lose the competition in the market especially when we talk about the businesses that provide services. The report says that there will be a 25% drop in customer retention to the companies who are not ready to incorporate automation in their services. Along with that, automation holds benefits for both manufacturer or service providers and customers. Due to automation, the customers encounter an improvised version of experience as automation has the ability for providing consistency. It also has resulted in improved response time, and the cost is usually low. With the provision of the benefits to the customers, it also benefits the service provider as there is more improved User experience. It dramatically affects the lifetime value of customers and increases brand loyalty. Automation holds the power to empower the organization for the optimization of resource allocation, capitalization on the opportunity cost. It enables the business to flourish while having consistency in customer experience at the same time. With automation, businesses take time for saving or making money.

History Of Industrial Automation

Automation has changed its course from the use of basic hydraulic and pneumatic systems to the use of the robots. Nowadays the primary goal of automation is to boost production and to reduce the cost which is associated with the labor since the automation took its first breath, it has resulted in the deployment of advanced activities that were previously done by hands or by the work of labor. Any organization that utilizes its resources for the automation of its processes witnesses the improved efficiency along with that, there are also high-quality products made as there are no mistakes in the production and it also results in the reduction of the labor and production costs. Some of the facts related to the history of industrial automation are given as under.

The automation first started when Ford Motor Company introduced automated production assembly lines in 1913. It is considered as one of the first steps towards automation. Before ford introduced the car production assembly line, it was built entirely from the skilled or unskilled workers. With the automation made by Ford, it resulted in the rise of the profits and lowered down the production rate and the time for the assembling of cars. The introduction of automation helped in the reduction of the car assembly time from 12 hours to a drastic change of one and a half hour, per car.

If I talk about 1920. Japan was one of the leading countries that were using manufacturing automation as a company present in Japan was the first to develop the microswitch and also introduced a highly accurate electrical timer, and as time passed, we started to see automation as one of the vital at elements for increasing production. There was a lot of research going on after 1920 there was a solid-state proximity switch introduced and as the world war occurred between 1939 and 1945 there was the high use of automation in fighter airplanes, landing crafts, warships, and tanks.

When the world war ended in 1945, Japan had surrendered, and there was the introduction of industrial building programs in Japan. This program was dependent upon the new technologies as compared to the old fashion manufacturing methods which were being used in manufacturing sites around the globe. Japan became the king of Industrial Automation. There were companies like Honda Toyota and Nissan, which were producing high quality and reliable cars. They introduced some features which were considered as the extra ones by other car manufacturing companies. They also gave a hard time to other companies in terms of prices and boosted the success of Japan's automobile industry.

Why Automation Is Good

Automation is the process of producing goods without human supervision by using robots, control systems, and other equipment with minimum interaction. Automation is suitable for a lot of reasons and if I talk specifically about manufacturing industries. Automation has become a great help in the rise of productivity as there are few numbers of workers required for the same number of output. So if you ask, Why automation is good? There are a lot of reasons

Automation allows a firm for the production of goods at a much lower cost. it helps the economy to grow and is very important for the industry which requires high capital investment. Another benefit is that automation also helps the organization for the reduced number of employers and limits the authority that is associated with trade unions and reduces the risk of strikes. Automation also helps the economy to grow; it means that an organization becomes able for the production of a great volume of goods. And this is very vital for the firm as it decreases the unit labor cost. If I look back on a bit of history, the main goal of the organizations was to produce goods in less economic value as much as possible. But now the course has changed. Now the organizations are looking for ways so that they can customize products, and through the use of automation, they can do that. They can personalize the size, look, and function of the goods rather than going with the standard model.

Automation leads to another benefit as well as the production being done in a short time there is a quick delivery and optimized use of stock and cash flow. Automation enables the improvement of safety records and also reduces the risk of human error.

New ideal.aynrand states that,

The size of the global automation market is forecast to reach $200 billion by 2020.1 As more industries deploy machines and computers, the labor market is being transformed. This is one reason why many of us worry that machines will take over our work, leaving us unemployed. But automation has been happening for centuries — more specifically, since the Industrial Revolution. Ever since some have predicted that automation would cause massive unemployment and make humans obsolete. And today, even the CEOs of tech companies like Facebook2 and Microsoft3 make similar claims — adding that, this time, the impact of new technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) will be much bigger than that of earlier innovations, since many jobs that were previously thought impossible to automate, no longer are. The people issuing these warnings are knowledgeable about emerging technologies, so there seems to be a legitimate reason for concern.

2nd Jul 2020 Syed Furqan Ali

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