What Is Meant By Industrial Control Technology?
The industrial control technology is basically the use of the industrial control system. The industrial control system includes various variety of control systems and encapsulated equipment, hardware, devices, instrumentation network, and control in order for operating and automating industrial processes.
Uses of Industrial Control Technology?
Every industrial control system is defined and built on the basis of the functionality that is required by a particular industry. Every industrial control system has a different kind of functionality. And have the ability to perform and manage a variety of tasks depending upon the functionality. the devices and protocols which are been used in the industrial control system Are almost present in every industrial sector and the infrastructure which required critical look upon. Some of those critical Industries are manufacturing, transportation, energy, and water treatment industries.
Industrial Process Control
First-sensor states that,
Industrial process control involves monitoring and controlling machinery, systems, and processes across a large number of industries: chemicals, pharmaceutics, biotechnology, energy, water/wastewater, oil, gas, plastic, paper, food, and beverages. Nowadays, industrial preparation, processing, and manufacturing systems are highly automated in order to ensure that raw materials and energy are consumed in a conservative and efficient manner. In this context, the ability to measure pressures, levels, and flow rates reliably and precisely in harsh, humid, and dusty environments and to measure aggressive, corrosive, explosive, and other liquids and gases is essential.
Varieties of Industrial Control System
There are varieties of industrial control systems but it is primarily divided into two types which are termed as supervisory control and data acquisition system and distributed control systems. The operations which are performed locally are usually monitored and controlled by field devices. Which have the capability for receiving supervisory commands from stations.
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
Supervisory control and data acquisition is basically overseeing the control at the supervisory level. SCADA is not made for providing full control but is rather more focused on the managerial level. The supervisory control and data acquisition system are basically made up of different sorts of devices like Programmable Logic controllers and different hardware and are distributed to different sorts of locations. Supervisory control and data acquisition system have the capability of getting and transmitting the data and they are usually encapsulated with a human-machine interface which provides the capability for centralized monitoring and controlling different process inputs and outputs.
The most common use of supervisory control and data acquisition system is in the pipeline monitoring and control water treatment centers distribution and electrical power transmission and distribution. It usually provides control of the field from a long-distance centralized monitoring control system because it is hard to travel long distances to actually see what the employees are doing. It provides the capability for the automation of this task.
Distributed Control System
Another system is called a distributed control system. The system is present in one location. In a distributed control system there is the use of centralized control for managing different kinds of controllers or equipment. Which is working together? For efficient production processing, the use of a distributed control system enables the industry to quickly access production and operational data. The multiple systems can be used with the distributed control system. In a distributed control system a set point has to be maintained by the controller.
Process Control Unit
If I talk about a process control unit the process control unit is actually a part of the process control system. It is actually a microprocessor-based controller, which has functionalities of the automatic residual of compound loop control for various kinds of industrial process applications. The process control unit has a set point controller which has to be maintained.
Process Control In Manufacturing
Process control in manufacturing encapsulates the different type of systems and software that gets control over production processes. The control systems are made up of process sensors, data processing equipment, actuators, networks which are used for the connection of different equipment and algorithm. Two interlinked process variables to product attributes.
Advantages Of Having Process Control Systems
nap.edu states that,
“The National Research Council Panel on Manufacturing Process Controls is part of the Committee on Industrial Technology Assessments (CITA), which was established to evaluate the OIT program strategy, to provide guidance during the transition to the new IOF strategy, and to assess the effects of the change in program strategy on cross-cutting technology programs, that is, technologies applicable to several of the IOF industries. The panel was established to identify key processes and needs for improved manufacturing control technology, especially the needs common to several IOF industries; identify specific research opportunities for addressing these common industry needs; suggest criteria for identifying and prioritizing research and development (R&D) to improve manufacturing controls technologies, and recommend means for implementing advances in control technologies”.
Less Wastage And Optimal Use Of Energy
Energy is getting costly by each passing day. And industries are really finding it hard for allocating their budgets that have to spend on the energy. But with the use of a process control system, the cost that is spent on energy can be reduced a lot. Because when all of the machinery plant equipment all are operated efficiently. It is definitely going to result in less energy wastage and the optimal use of energy.
Security Of A Workplace Drastically Increases
Another benefit that a process control system serves is that the security of a workplace drastically increases. If employees have a fear that the environment that they are working is not safe then it is definitely going to harm their efficiency and their working ability. But with the use of a process control system, they will be convinced that no abnormality or accident Is going to happen without the prior alert, It helps the employees to work in a most secure environment and reduces hazards of accident and abnormality.
Overall Increases In The Product Quality
The quality of a product increases with the help of a process control system because if a product is completely made by a human, the human will not be able to maintain the same consistency in every product. They also get bored with repetitive tasks. The implication of a process control system overall increases the product quality and maintain it.
Almost Minimum To Zero Faults And Errors Occurring
Another great benefit of a process control system is that there are almost minimum to zero faults and errors occurring with is directly resulting in a lower manufacturing cost. Because all of the faults in the processes and the Machines are being known early, which is helping in getting the process done in a much lower budget and increasing the efficiency and accuracy.
Process Control Systems Really Help In Making The Right Decision
Process control systems really help in making the right decision and without the acquisition of the right information, it could be really difficult for the operation managers to deliver orders to their workers and monitor production systems. With the use of a process control system, it allows the management to gain insight into the normal process variations to serious process deficiencies. They are able to find out the variation of the flawed equipment. They are also able to find out the effective procedures for human errors and by gaining insights to all these kinds of data that help the manager make better decisions. The process control systems really let the managers know about the deficiencies which helps the Managing personnel to direct their workers accordingly.
One of The Great Way To Reduce Cost
Production control is also one of the great ways for the reduction of cost which is associated with poor quality. other forms of wastage and ineffective use of resources can lead to a much larger expense but with the use of a process control system, it helps the managers to find out the cost that is related to wasteful and inefficient operations. The increasing cost is one of the major factors for the downfall of the company and with the help of process control systems a company has the ability for gaining market share and improve their body bottom-line profit.
Really Helps In The Planning Of A Production Line
The Control system really helps in the planning of a production line. Production planning is one of the logical tasks that involves a strategic approach to what is the company is going to produce? And how they are going to produce? And what are the raw materials required for that specific production? When the company is going to produce at and whatever the company is producing what are the market demands for it? What is the downtime? In how much time the production line will be able to generate revenue for the company? All these kinds of factors are associated with the product planning an effective control system really helps allowed in Planning out the perfect plan for the production line. It provides a manager to gain an insight into the future aspects of the production line and allows him to plan accordingly.